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200+ Cardio-pulmonary Physiotherapy MCQs MPT preparation

This Physio Fit India Post contains more than 220+ Electrotherapy MPT Preparation Physiotherapy MCQs/Quiz Practice Mode like Medical,Railway,University,GNDU UG & PG exams 2021Physiotherapy MCQs exams PP Mohanty Book

As an academician the latest trends in the examination system of medical students has always been a fascinating study. Hence I have been following the advent of MCQs & Quiz into the medical examination system with great interest

Multiple choice questions have evolved from a stage of studied disdain to grudging acceptance to a stage where they have become ubiquitous. Their value in objective testing of the student’s grasp of the subject has been widely acknowledged by academicians the world over. So it is not surprising to see that they are now so entrenched in the system that the Undergraduate medical student become familiar with them from his first year itself and is rid of them only after his super-speciality days are over.👇

As it has always been my endeavour to help students learn the fascinating subject of Cardio-pulmonary from all angles. I scoured the various Websites available for MCQs & QUIZ in  Cardio-pulmonary conditions MPT preparation , but the dearth of a single, authentic question bank for MCQs was so glaring that it prodded me to bring out the first Webiste PHYSIOFITINDIA on google of “A Quiz mode Question Bank of Multiple Choice Questions in 200+ Cardio-pulmonary conditions MPT preparation Multiple Choice Questions Physiotherapy MCQs

 200+ Cardio-pulmonary conditions MPT preparation Multiple Choice Questions Physiotherapy Quiz 👇

  The questions have been so segregated that they are arranged in various types of quiz corresponding to the various topics in “Cardio-pulmonary conditions MPT preparation and all physiotherapy related subjects, 

This website https://physio-fit-india.com is aimed to satisfy the needs of not only the Undergraduates preparing for their Cardio-pulmonary Paper or their PG Entrance Exam, but also the Post-graduates who are preparing for their exams

 👇

The purpose of this Practice mode Quiz would have been achieved if it kindle in the students an abiding interest in Cardio-pulmonary conditions

  1. 1 ➤➤At birth the shape of the chest is
    a. Barrel like
    b. Circular
    c. Elliptical
    d. Triangular

2.➤➤Angle of Louis corresponds to
a. T2 – T3 spine
b. T4 – T5 spine
c. T6 – T7 spine
d. None of the above

3.➤➤Pump handle movement is a feature of
a. Lower ribs
b. Upper ribs
c. Mid ribs
d. Diaphragm

4.➤➤Maximum diaphragmatic movement is ___ cm
a. 1cm
b. 2cm
c. 3cm
d. 4cm

5.➤➤The position of the lung is up to
a. T8
b. T10
c. T12
d. T7

6.➤➤Approximately the partial pleura extends_____ ribs below the lung>
a. 1
b. 2
c. 3
d. non of the above

7.➤➤Central chemoreceptors are stimulated by
a. Increased PaCo2
b. Hypoxia
c. Decreased PaCO2
d. SaO2

8.➤➤Lower lobe alveoli operates at
a. Increased transmural pressure
b. Decreased transmural pressure
c. Balanced transmural pressure
d. None of the above

9.➤➤Cost of breathing is high when
a. Diaphragm is used
b. Inter costals are used
c. Abdominals are used
d. Accessories are used

10.➤➤V/Q for normal blood gas is
a. .8
b. 1
c. 1.2
d. 1.1

11.➤➤ Till 2 years of age
a. No pump handle movement
b. No bucket handle movement
c. No normal diaphragmatic movement
d. All of the above

12.➤➤The gas exchange area is_______ times more in adults than in children
a. 12 times
b. 20 times
c. 25 times
d. 15 times

13.➤➤O2 consumption rate for neonate is
a. Half than adults
b. Same as adults
c. Twice as adults
d. Thrice as adults

14.➤➤Heart rate for children is
a. 100 – 110
b. 80 – 100
c. 100 – 180
d. none of the above

15.➤➤Which is the pacemaker of the heart?
a. SA node
b. AV node
c. AV bundle
d. Purkinje fibres

16.➤➤Infant BP is
a. 80/60
b. 60/40
c. 100/80
d. 120/80

17.➤➤False high BP reading will occur if _.
a. Cuff is too small
b. Cuff applied loosely
c. Brachial artery is lower than the heart level
d. All of the above

18.➤➤Normal lung can withstand how much pressure?
a. 100 cmH2O
b. 120 cmH2O
c. 150 cm H2O
d. 200 cmH2O

19.➤➤Normal central venous pressure should be between
a. 0 – 5 mmHg
b. 0 – 10 mmHg
c. 0 – 15 mmHg
d. 0 – 20 mmHg

20.➤➤Normally total cholesterol level is __.
a. < 200 mg/dl
b. < 250 mg/dl
c. < 300 mg/dl
d. < 400 mg/dl

21.➤➤Normal cholesterol to HDL ratio is___.
a. 1-2
b. 2-3
c. 3-5
d. 5-7

22.➤➤Percussion & vibration should be discontinued when PaO2 reaches
a. 50
b. 55
c. 65
d. 80

23.➤➤Usually suction pressure for adults is
a. 80 mmHg
b. 100 mmHg
c. 120 mmHg
d. 70 mmHg

24.➤➤Suction times should be less than
a. 5 seconds
b. 20 seconds
c. 15 seconds
d. 30 seconds

25.➤➤Which is not a complication of suction?
a. Vagal stimulation
b. Hypotension
c. Atelectasis
d. Cough

26.➤➤Which is not a complication of hyper inflation?
a. Penumothorax
b. Bronchospasm
c. Increased cardiac output
d. Decreased cardiac output

27.➤➤Pulmonary artery hypertension is when mean PA pressure is
a. > 10 mmHg
b. > 20 mmHg
c. > 30 mmHg
d. > 40 mmHg

28.➤➤Which is not a risk factor for pulmonary artery hypertension?
a. Multiple blood transfusion
b. Chest trauma
c. Near drowning
d. Aspiration of gastric content

29.➤➤Patients with diffusion problems will have
a. Normal PaCo2
b. Hypoxaemia and normal PaCo2
c. Hypoxaemia and hypercapnia
d. Normal PaO2 with hypercapnia

30.➤➤In which of the following O2 therapy will not help
a. Dead space
b. Shunt
c. Respiratory failure
d. None of the above

31.➤➤Shifting of mediastinum to right may occur in
a. Right collapse
b. Left collapse
c. Right pleurisy
d. None of the above

32.➤➤Early inspiratory crackles occur with
a. Less of compliant airways
b. More compliant airways
c. Stiff lung
d. Obstructed airway

33.➤➤mWhich of the following techniques does not require radiation?
a. Computerized tomography
b. Conventional radiography
c. Magnetic resonance imaging
d. None of the above

34.➤➤Which diagnostic technique is better for differentiation of soft tissue?
a. X-rays
b. Ultrasonography
c. CT scan
d. MRI

35.➤➤The duration at QRS complex is
a. .12 to .2 sec
b. .08 to.1 sec
c. .1 to .15 sec
d. .02 to.04 sec

36.➤➤The normal running speed of ECG is
a. 30 mm/sec
b. 20 mm/sec
c. 25 mm/sec
d. 40mm/sec

37.➤➤Which chest lead assess right ventricle
a. V1,V2
b. V2, V3
c. V3, V4
d. V5, V6

38.➤➤Among the below ECG abnormality which is most dangerous
a. Atrial fibrillation
b. Ventricular tachycardia
c. AV block
d. Supra ventricular tachycardia

39.➤➤Drop of QRS complex is found in
a. 1st degree heart block
b. 2nd degree heart block
c. 3rd degree heart block
d. both a and b

40.➤➤Which is a definitive feature of transmural infarction?
a. S-T segment elevation
b. ST segment depression
c. Abnormal Q
d. Reduction in R wave

41.➤➤Prolonged P-R interval is seen in which type ofA-V block
a. Mobitz-1
b. Mobitz-2
c. First degree
d. Third degree

42.➤➤Duration of QRS complex is____ ms.
a. 0.04-0.11
b. 0.12-0.20
c. 0.21 – 0.30
d. None of the above

43.➤➤In right ventricular hypertrophy the R wave is largest in which lead
a. V1
b. V2
c. V3
d. V4

44.➤➤Which ventricular rhythm is known as dying heart?
a. Ventricular fibrillation
b. Ventricular tachycardia
c. Idioventricular rythm
d. None of the above

45.➤➤Which is gold standard for diagnosis of myocardial infarction?
a. ECG
b. ECHO
c. Lipid profile
d. Cardiac catheterization

46.➤➤Which is not an inotropic drug?
a. Digoxin
b. Dobutamin
c. Enoximon
d. Furosemide

47.➤➤Which is a long acting B2 stimulant?
a. Salbutamol
b. Salmetrol
c. Fenoterol
d. Ipratropium bromide

48.➤➤Pulmonary artery wedge pressure reflexes
a. Right atrial pressure
b. Right ventricular pressure
c. Left atrial pressure
d. Left ventricular pressure

49.➤➤The patient can be assumed to be hypoxemic in room air if PaO2 is
a. < F102 X 5 b. > F102 X 5
c. < F102 X 2
d. < F102X 3

50.➤➤Patient who is chronically ill with cardiopulmonary disease PaO2 should not fall below
a. 40mmHg
b. 50mmHg
c. 60mmHg
d. 80mmHg

51.➤➤__ is better compensated with metabolic buffers
a. Respiratory alkalosis
b. Respiratory acidosis
c. Both respiratory acidosis & alkalosis
d. Non of the above

52.➤➤When there is a significant base deficit the appropriate terminology is
a. Acidosis
b. Academia
c. Alkalemia
d. Alkalosis

53.➤➤If PaCo2>50mmHg and PH is 7.3 to 7.4 then patient is suffering from which of the following condition
a. Acute ventilatory failure
b. Chronic ventilatory failure
c. Partially compensated metabolic alkalosis
d. Compensated metabolic alkalosis

54.➤➤Which is better predictor of oxygen saturation?
a. Pulse oxymetry
b. CO oxemeter
c. Both a & b
d. None of them

55.➤➤If patients minute volume is half of the normal value approximate PaCO2 is
a. 40 mmHg
b. 50mmHg
c. 60 mmHg
d. 70 mmHg

56.➤➤Which of the following will not shift the oxyhaemoglobin dissociation curve to right
a. Acute acidosis
b. Acute alkalosis
c. High carbondioxide
d. Increased temperature

57.➤➤When using 70 % helium and 30 % O2 and observed flow is 10L/min. then actual flow is
a. 10 X1.1 = 11L/min
b. 10 x 1.5 = 15L/min
c. 10 X 1.6 = 16L/min
d. 10 X 1.8 = 18L/min

58.➤➤While using venture mask the total flow through the mask should be
a. 2 – 3 times minute volume
b. 3 – 4 times minute volume
c. 4 – 6 times minute volume
d. 8 – 10 times minute volume

59.➤➤Simple oxygen mask with a flow of 5 to 10L/min provide
a. 20 % to 30 % F102
b. 30 – 50 %
c. 35 % to 60%
d. 60 % to 80%

60.➤➤The recommended frequency of performing incentive spirometry is a. 4 times/day
b. 5 times/hour while awake
c. 10 times/day
d. 10 times/hour while awake

61.➤➤For humidification which is the most important concept
a. Absolute humidity
b. Vapor pressure
c. Body humidity
d. Relative humidity

62.➤➤Humidity should be added to the flow when it is
a. > 4 L/min
b. > 2 L/min
c. > 10 L/min
d. > 6 L/min

63.➤➤Diaphragm functioning is tested clinically by
a. Maximum breathing capacity
b. Inspiratory strength measurement
c. Measuring VC in supine and sitting
d. Both a and b

64.➤➤When patient breathe at low lung volume
a. Base is better ventilated than apex
b. Apex is better ventilated than base
c. Apex and base equally ventilated
d. V/Q = 1

65.➤➤For hypoxaemic patient which position will you prefer
a. Supine
b. Side lying
c. Prone
d. Prone abdomen free

66.➤➤Forced expiratory technique is
a. Mid lung volume huff – diaphragmatic breathing – cough
b. High lung volume huff – diaphragmatic breathing – cough
c. Low – mid lung volume huff – diaphragmatic breathing – cough
d. None of the above

67.➤➤A sequence of breathing at volumes and flow rate
a. FET
b. ACBT
c. Autogenic drainage
d. Both a and b

68.➤➤Which is not a self drainage procedure
a. FET
b. ACBT
c. Autogenic drainage
d. Prone on elbow

69.➤➤Flutter is a
a. High frequency PEP device
b. Chest compressor
c. Vibrator
d. None of the above

70.➤➤Pressure at umbilicus by heel of the palm is
a. Costophrenic assist
b. Helmich type assist
c. Anterior chest compression assist
d. None of the above

71.➤➤Which all are the movement strategies associated with inspiration
a. Shoulder flexion, abduction, external rotation
b. Shoulder flexion, trunk extension up to eye gaze
c. Shoulder flexion, abduction, external rotation, trunk extension, eye gaze
d. Trunk extension, shoulder flexion, abduction, external rotation

72.➤➤Out of bed activities are contraindicated when patient is connected to
a. Oxygen cylinder
b. Bed side monitor
c. Intra aortic balloon pump
d. All of the above three

73.➤➤PaCo2 is
a. Directly proportional to ventilation
b. Inversely proportional to ventilation
c. Directly proportional to blood pH
d. Inversely proportional to blood pH

74.➤➤If PaCO2 is within (30-50) mmHg and pH>7.5 then there is
a. Respiratory acidosis
b. Metabolic alkalosis
c. Respiratory alkalosis
d. Acceptable ventilatory and metabolic status

75.➤➤The relationship of Ph withPaCO2 is
a. For every 20mmHg rise in PaCO2 decrease the pH by 0.10
b. For every 20mmHg rise in PaCO2 increase the pH by 0.10
c. For every 10mmHg rise in PaCO2 decrease the pH by 0.10
d. For every 20mmHg fall in PaCO2 increase the pH by 0.10

76.➤➤Patients with high functional capacity but low reserve need
a. Shorter training course
b. Longer training course
c. Progressive training course
d. None of the above

77.➤➤Which of the following will not help to produce cough?
a. Application of ice below axilla
b. Extra thoracic tracheal pressure
c. Manual ventilation
d. Change of position

78.➤➤Equal pressure point in low lung volume remains at
a. Trachea
b. Lobar bronchi
c. Alveoli
d. Segmental bronchi

79.➤➤At what phase of cough the intra thoracic pressure rises to the maximum during
a. Inspiratory phase
b. Glottic closure
c. Contraction of expiratory muscles
d. Expiratory phase

80.➤➤The frequency of manual vibration is
a. 5 – 12 Hz
b. 12 – 20 Hz
c. 20 – 25 Hz
d. None of the above

81.➤➤Vibrations should be less vigorous for patients with
a. Lung abscess
b. Chronic bronchitis
c. # Thoracic spine
d. Asthma

82.➤➤Which is not true for percussion
a. It is done with fingers and thumb adducted
b. The sound of percussion should be hollow sound
c. The rate of percussion between 100-475 times per minute.
d. The dominant hand pressure is more than non dominant hand

83.➤➤For low pressure PEP therapy the resistance is adjusted till the PEP level is
a. 5-10 cm H2O
b. 10-20 cm H2O
c. Forced vital capacity pressure
d. None of the above

84.➤➤An indicator of effective cough is when FEV1 is at least
a. 40% of VC
b. 60% of VC
c. 80% of VC
d. 50% of VC

85.➤➤For every cigarette an individual smoke the cilia are paralyzed for
a. 5 minutes
b. 10 minutes
c. 20 minutes
d. 30 minutes

86.➤➤Which one among the following is not an self assisted technique for cough
a. Prone on elbows head flexion
b. Hands knee rocking
c. Counter rotation
d. Short sitting

87.➤➤The muscular work of breathing is __ % of total body oxygen consumption
a. 5%
b. 10%
c. 15%
d. 20%

88.➤➤Patients with secondary pulmonary dysfunction need to
a. Relax their accessory muscle and use diaphragm more
b. Balance the use of diaphragm and accessory muscle
c. Reduce the work of breathing
d. None of the above

89.➤➤Re-patterning technique is used for
a. COPD cases
b. Patients with short of breath
c. Patients with high respiratory rate

90.➤➤Patients with accumulation of secretion4 gm of carbohydrate produces __ Kcal
a. 6.2 Kcal
b. 4.2 K cal
c. 3.2 K cal
d. 9.2 K cal

91.➤➤For a mixed diet, for each litre of oxygen consumed how much energy is produced
a. 8 K cal
b. 6 K cal
c. 5 K cal
d. 4 K cal

92.➤➤Resting oxygen consumption expenditure for a 60 Kg man is _
a. 2 litres
b. 0.2 litres
c. 0.5 litres
d. 5 litres

93.➤➤1 litre of oxygen expended is equivalent to how much calories
a. 10 K cal
b. 10 cal
c. 5 cal
d. 5 K cal

94.➤➤In monark cycle ergometre for each revolution how much distance is traveled
a. 5 m
b. 6 m
c. 3 m
d. 2 m

95.➤➤Kreb cycle takes place in
a. Cytoplasm
b. Mitochondria
c. Outside cell
d. Ribosome

96.➤➤In a interval training the metabolic response of 2nd exercise is similar to the first if the interval is
a. .5 – 1 min
b. 1 – 2 min
c. Within 2 minutes
d. Can never be same

97.➤➤For graded exercise test the increment of exercise should be of
a. 1 MET
b. 2 MET
c. 0.5 MET
d. 2.5 MET

98.➤➤Ideal test time of graded exercise test should be
a. Within 10 minutes
b. 5 – 15 minutes
c. 12 – 16 minutes
d. 10 – 20 minutes

99.➤➤For exercise induced bronchospasm the exercise test should be done in
a. 1 stage
b. 2 stages
c. 3 stages
d. 4 stages

100.➤➤Anaerobic threshold corresponds to __ % of maximum heart rate
a. 50 %
b. 60 %
c. 75 %
d. 80 %

101.➤➤According to karvonen method training heart rate is __ % of heart rate reserve
a. 40 % to 60 %
b. 40 % to 85 %
c. 50 % to 75 %
d. None of the above

102.➤➤In 20 point scale of rate of perceived exertion 12 – 13 score corresponds to
a. 50 % of HRR
b. 60 % of HRR
c. 85 % of HRR
d. 30 % of HRR

103.➤➤In 10 point scale of RPE 60 % of HRR corresponds to
a. 4
b. 6
c. 5
d. 3

104.➤➤Average duration of cardiac rehabilitation as outpatient is
a. 8 weeks
b. 12 weeks
c. 16 weeks
d. 20 weeks

105.➤➤The frequency of exercise training is _ when MET is 3 – 5
a. 3 – 5 times/weeks
b. 2 – 3 times/weeks
c. 4 – 6 times/weeks
d. Every day

106.➤➤During aerobic training how long does it take for conditioning
a. 4 – 6 weeks
b. 2 – 4 weeks
c. 6 – 10 weeks
d. 8 – 12 weeks

107.➤➤The improvement in aerobic training continues in an average for
a. 2 – 3 months
b. 3 – 4 months
c. 4 – 5 months
d. 10 months

108.➤➤PcO2 to PaO2 is
a. Ventilation dependent
b. Diffusion dependent
c. Ventilation – perfusion dependent
d. Perfusion dependent

109.➤➤Dead space ventilation in ml is
a. 2 X body weight in kg
b. 1.5 X body weight in kg
c. 3 X body weight in kg
d. Same as body weight in kg

110.➤➤During exercise the dead space
a. Increases
b. Decreases
c. Remains same as resting

111.➤➤During moderate to high exercise how does ventilation increase
a. By increasing breathing frequency
b. By increasing tidal volume
c. By increasing tidal volume and breathing frequency
d. By decreasing dead space

112.➤➤When mitral stenosis patient exercise the muscles can extract upto what % of
CO
a. 40 %
b. 30 %
c. 50 %
d. 60 %

113.➤➤After loud of heart is controlled by
a. Aorta
b. Large arteries
c. Medium arteries
d. Arterioles

114.➤➤Free fatty acid utilization is better when exercising at
a. < 50 % of Vo2 max
b. < 40 % of Vo2 max
c. < 75 % of Vo2 max
d. < 60 % of Vo2 max

115.➤➤Walking 2 mph requires ___ MET
a. 1
b. 2
c. 3
d. 4

116.➤➤During self care evaluation in phase I of cardiac rehabilitation heart rate should not exceed
a. 60/min
b. 100/min
c. 150/min
d. 75/min

117.➤➤At the end of phase II of cardiac rehabilitation which exercise test is done
a. Bruce protocol
b. Low level exercise test
c. Symptom limited end point exercise
d. Balke

118.➤➤The job taken by cardiac patient should be within how much extra O2 uptake on the resting O2 uptake
a. 10 % of reserve
b. 10 – 20 % of reserve
c. 25 % to 30 % of reserve
d. > 50 % of reserve

119.➤➤To get central effect the training heart rate should resting HR added with how much % reserve
a. 60 %
b. 75 %
c. 50 %
d. 90 %

120.➤➤In case of SCI when the diaphragm is innervated but the intercostals and abdominals are paralyzed the aim of breathing exercise is to
a. Encourage use of diaphragm
b. Diaphragm should be used to its maximum
c. Diaphragm action is kept in check

121.➤➤To inhibit diaphragm which position is safer
a. Prone on elbows
b. Semi sitting
c. Semi sitting with anterior pelvic tilt
d. None of the above

122.➤➤What is the best position of ventilation for asymmetrical involvement of chest?
a. Lying on uninvolved side
b. Lying on uninvolved side with arms below 90 degrees of shoulder flexion
c. Lying on involved side
d. Lying on involved side with arms below 90 degrees of shoulder flexion

123.➤➤The effective prescription for chronic arterial occlusion are the following except
a. Warm outer foot wear in winter
b. Use of rocker sole shoe
c. Active graded exercise

d. Passive limb positioning exercise
124.➤➤Sclerotherapy is used for
a. Acute venous insufficiency
b. Chronic venous insufficiency
c. Lymphatic disease
d. None of the above

125.➤➤To do secretion clearance programme at home for an adult patient which one among the following should be preferred?
a. Postural drainage
b. Forced expiratory technique
c. Active cycle of breathing technique
d. Autogenic drainage

126.➤➤Patient with strong diaphragm but no muscular support from intercostals and abdominal muscles may develop
a. Flattened anterior chest wall
b. Pectus excavatum
c. Anterolateral flaring of the lower rib cage
d. Thoracic kyphosis

127.➤➤The physiology of force expiratory technique is based on
a. Decreased followed by increased airway pressure
b. Equal pressure point on the airway
c. Change of volume of ventilation leads to increased pressure in the airway
d. None of the above

128.➤➤When high flow oxygen delivery system is preferred?
a. When the total inspiratory requirement is not required to be met
b. When Fio2 50% can keep Sao2 at the safe level
c. Excessive work of breathing
d. Excessive myocardial work

129.➤➤Risk of atelectasis is more when
a. CV> FRC
b. FRC> CV
c. CV = FRC
d. CV = TV

130.➤➤PEEP of ___ cmH2O will cause pneumothorax
a. 10-20cm H2O
b. 20-30cmH2O
c. 20 – 40 cm H2O
d. 40 – 60 cm H2O

131.➤➤For adults CPAP can be given upto
a. 2 cmH20
b. 5 cmH2O
c. 8 cmH2O
d. 10 cmH2O

132.➤➤Normal PEEP is
a. 5 – 10 cm of H2O
b. 5 cm H2O
c. 15 – 20 cm H2O
d. 20 – 25 cm H2O

133.➤➤In acute respiratory failure how much tidal volume will decrease the shunting
a. 8 ml/kg body weight
b. 10 ml/kg body weight
c. 5 ml/kg body weight
d. 15 ml/kg body weight

134.➤➤At what pressure in PEEP cardiac output will start to decrease?
a. 5 cm H2O
b. 10 cm H2O
c. 15 cm H2O
d. 20 cmH2O

135.➤➤Which is a sign of oxygen toxicity?
a. Dyspnoea
b. Substernal pain
c. Productive cough
d. None of the above

136.➤➤the early post operative complications of heart transplantation are
a. Rejection
b. Infection
c. Right ventricular failure
d. a and b
e. a, b, & c

137.➤➤The respiratory rate, cycle and TV vary considerably in
a. Kussamaul’s respiration
b. Biot’s respiration
c. Cheyne – stokes respiration
d. None of the above

138.➤➤Pulsus paradoxus can occur due to the following conditions except
a. Asthma
b. Pericardial effusion
c. Upper airway obstruction
d. Pneumonia

139.➤➤When BP fluctuates _ mmHg during respiratory cycle of is known as pulsus paradoxus
a. 8 mmHg
b. 10 mmHg
c. 15 mmHg
d. 5 mmHg

140.➤➤Pulsus alternans with normal heart rate indicates____.
a. Preventricular contraction
b. Left ventricular failure
c. Cardiogenic shock
d. Cardiomyopathy

141.➤➤ Which is not a feature of decreased oxygenation?
a. Bradypnea
b. Tachypnoea
c. Tachycardia
d. Clubbing

142.➤➤A – a gradient of oxygen changes with the following
a. Position
b. Age
c. FiO2
d. All of the above

143.➤➤In case of equivocal CVP if 100ml of blood is transfused and BP does not raise then it is
a. Hypovolemia
b. Hypervolemia
c. Heart failure
d. Fluid imbalance

144.➤➤Usually how much is the 1st hour blood loss after cardiac surgery a. 1ml/kg/hr
b. 2ml/kg/hr
c. 2 – 3ml/kg/hr
d. 4 – 5ml/kg/hr

145.➤➤Usually which patients are extubated from the operation theatre except
a. COA
b. PDA
c. Closed heart surgery
d. VSD

146.➤➤Pressure support ventilator triggers with as low as __ cm of H2O
a. 2
b. 5
c. 10
d. 15

147.➤➤Ventilators brings down haemodynamics by around
a. 10 %
b. 20 %
c. 30 %
d. 50 %

148.➤➤In ventilation the set respiratory rate in adults is usually __ min
a. 10 – 12
b. 12 – 18
c. 20 – 22
d. None of the above

149.➤➤When PaCo2 is increased the following should be done except
a. Increase mechanical deadspace
b. Decrease mechanical dead space
c. Increase tidal volume
d. Increase respiratory rate

150.➤➤When the patient can be kept in SIMV
a. If 50 % FIO2 kept for ½ anhour ABG – normal
b. 70 % FIO2 – for 1 hr – ABG normal
c. 70 % FIO2 for ½ an hour ABG – Normal
d. None of the above

151.➤➤ Which one among the following is a correct procedure for the process of extubation
a. Chest PT, Secretion, clean oral cavity remove giggle while doing suction tube
b. Remove giggle, chest PT, suction which doing suction remove the tube
c. Chest PT, remove giggle suction and while suctioning takeout the tube
d. None of the above

152.➤➤The 2nd phase of CPR is
a. Reoxygenate CNS
b. ABC technique
c. To restart circulation & definitive treatment
d. To gauge recovery

153.➤➤Which is a disease of acinus?
a. Bronchitis
b. Asthma
c. Emphysema
d. Pneumonia

154.➤➤A reduction of _ % from normal lung volumes & capacities may be considered as abnormal
a. > 10 %
b. > 15 %
c. > 25 %
d. > 30 %

155.➤➤Vital capacity is _ % of TLC
a. 60%
b. 70 %
c. 80 %
d. 90 %

156.➤➤Which is not true for peak flow measurement
a. It increases with height
b. It decreases with age
c. Measured at the end of FVC
d. Measured at beginning of FVC

157.➤➤The uniformity of ventilation is tested by
a. Measuring carbon monoxide transfer factor
b. Measuring nitrogen concentration after inspiration of 100% O2
c. Measuring O2 after 100% O2 inspiration
d. Measuring transpulmonary pressure

158.➤➤ FEV1, FVC ratio may increase in
a. Airway disease
b. Obstructive airway disease
c. Restrictive airway disease
d. Interstitial airway diseases

159.➤➤ Which finding is typical of lung fibrosis
a. TLC, reduced
b. RV, TLC reduced
c. RV/TLC ratio reduced
d. RCO reduced

160.➤➤Which is not a combination of obstructive and restrictive defect
a. Pulmonary edema
b. Sarcoidosis
c. Patients on long term steroids for COPD
d. Bronchiectasis

161.➤➤ FEV1 less than ____ % is a risk for surgery
a. 30 %
b. 50 %
c. 25 %
d. None of the above

162.➤➤ The cause of bronchial breath sound is
a. Narrowing of airway
b. Attenuation of breath sound
c. Decreased ventilation
d. None of the above

163.➤➤ Stony dullness of on percussion is found in
a. Atelectasis
b. Consolidation
c. Pleural effusion
d. Bronchial asthma

164.➤➤ At 450 recumbent position normal JVP should be
a. 3 – 4cm
b. 5 – 6cm
c. 7 – 8cm
d. 10 cm

165.➤➤ Pneumonia can be termed.
a. COPD
b. RestrictiveLungDisease
c. Interstitial lung disease
d. Infective lung disease

166.➤➤ Bullae are seen in
a. Asthma
b. Pulmonary embolism
c. Cor pulmonale
d. Emphysema

167.➤➤ Irreversible distortion of the air way is seen in
a. Bronchitis
b. Pneumonia
c. Bronchiactasis
d. Emphysema.

168.➤➤ Croup is inflammation of
a. Pharynx & larynx
b. Glottis
c. Larynx & trachea
d. Trachea

169.➤➤ The value of resting metabolic rate (O2 uptake t) which is called 1 MET is
a. 3.5 ml/kg/min
b. 3.7 ml/kg/min
c. 4.5 ml/kg/min
d. 4.7 ml/kg/min

170.➤➤ The recommended BMI range is from
a. 14.5 to 17.5 kg/m2
b. 18.5 to 24.9 kg/m2
c. 25.00 to 29.9kg/m2
d. 30.00 to 35 kg/m2

171.➤➤ CRF (cardio respiratory fitness) value is expressed in the following way
a. Litres of O2 used by the body per minute (L/min)
b. Milli litres of oxygen used per kilogram of body weight per minute.(ml/kg/min)
c. Multiples of resting metabolic rate (MET).
d. All of the above.

172.➤➤ Goose neck deformity is found in
a. ASD
b. VSD
c. AP window
d. PDA

173.➤➤ In low cardiac output syndrome ___
a. BP is high
b. BP is low
c. Urinary output is high
d. Peripheral and core temperature are equal.

174.➤➤ Cardic pain does not reffered __.
a. Above the ear
b. Below the umbilicus
c. Above the ear and below the umbilicus
d. To the opposite shoulder

175.➤➤ Commonest embolus originates from DVT
a. Varicose veins
b. Fat
c. Air

176.➤➤ Thrombophlebitis ____
a. Develops silently
b. Develops in superficial vessels
c. Develops in deep vessles
d. Usually give rise to embolism

177.➤➤ Drainage bottle must be placed
a. Lower than the patient
b. Higher than thepatient
c. Same level
d. None of the above

178.➤➤ The swing of fluid level in the glass and piece of drainage bottle is absent when
a. Lung is fully expanded
b. Tube is blocked
c. All of the above
d. None of the above.

179.➤➤ The drainage tube should be kept __ cm under water
a. 5cm
b. 4cm
c. 2.5cm
d. 1.5cm

180.➤➤ In which surgery chest tube is not given
a. Lobectomy
b. Segmentectomy
c. Pneumonectomy
d. Thoracoplasty

181.➤➤ Tension sutures are used in
a. Thoracotomy
b. Thoracolasty
c. Pneumonectomy
d. Hernia repair

182.➤➤ Removal of the whole lung is called
a. Thoarcotomy
b. Thoracoplasty
c. Skeve Resection
d. Pneumonectomy

183.➤➤ Suitable body position for a post-operative hypoxic patient is
a. 30 degrees head down
b. Supine with head and body aligned in neutral.
c. 30 degrees inclined upward
d. 60 degrees inclined upward.

184.➤➤ pH is 7.30, PaCO2 60mm and Bicarbonate is within normal limit. The condition is __
a. Acute respiratory alkalosis
b. Acute respiratory acidosis
c. Compensatory respiratory acidosis
d. Metabolic acidosis

185.➤➤ Extended sternotomy is done for ___
a. CABG
b. Bypass for descending aorta
c. CMV
d. ASD

186.➤➤ Which is desirable for a post – operative case?
a. CV>FRC
b. FRC>CV
c. CV>TV
d. None of the above

187.➤➤ Broncho – pulmonary fistula is a complication following __
a. Thoracotomy
b. Lobectomy
c. Thoracoplasty
d. Pneumonectomy

188.➤➤ Which is the most painful thoracic incision?
a. Sternotomy
b. Postero-lateral thoracotomy
c. Thoraco-abdominal
d. Antero-lateral thoracotomy

189.➤➤ Immediately following pneumonectomy patient should be positioned in


a. Side lying on operated side
b. Side lying on sound side
c. Supine lying
d. Half lying

190.➤➤ Complications of pneumonectomy include _
a. Mediastinal shift
b. Bronchopulmonary fistula
c. Injury to phrenic nerve and recurrent laryngeal nerve
d. All of the above.

191.➤➤ In VSD surgery is indicated when PAH is
a. > 30 %
b. >20 %
c. >50 %
d. >80 %

192.➤➤ Which is not an effect of cardio pulmonary bypass?
a. Interstitial edema
b. Pleural effusion
c. Diaphragmatic dysfunction
d. Pneumothorax

193.➤➤Corrective surgery for large VSD should be done within
5 years
2 years
Infancy

10 years 

194.➤➤Which one of the congenital heart disease will not show (lt) to (rt) shunt?
a. VSD
b. VSD with PS
c. ASD
d. PDA

195.➤➤Which cardiac condition can be treated as a closed procedure?
a. ASD
b. VSD
c. PDA
d. AP window

196.➤➤Which surgery is done for transposition of great vessels?
a. PA banding
b. Atrial switch
c. Glenn
d. Fontan

197.➤➤Which defect is not included in Tetralogy of Fallot?
a. ASD
b. VSD
c. PS
d. Ventricular hypertrophy

198.➤➤BT shunt is between
a. Descending aorta & left pulmonary artery
b. Ascending aorta and right pulmonary artery
c. Subclavian artery with pulmonary artery
d. Central aorta and pulmonary artery.
199.➤➤A flap in the visceral pleura is the cause of
a. Closed pneumothorax
b. Open pneumothorax
c. Tension pneumothorax
d. None

200.➤➤Blunt cardiac injury can occur in
a. Steering wheel injury
b. Lap belt injury
c. Both a & b
d. None

Reference P. P. Mohanty

Answer sheet of PT in Cardio-pulmonary conditions

1. b41. c 81. d121. b161. b
2. b42. a82. d122. d162. d
3. b 43. a83. b123. d163. c 
4. c44. c84. b124. b164. a
5. b45. d85. c125. d165. d
6. b46. d86. c126. b166. d
7. a47. b 87. a 127. b167. d
8. a48. c88. b128. b168. c
9. d49. a89. c 129. a169. a
10. b50. b90. b  130. c170. b
11. b51. b91. c 131. c171. d
12. c52. a92. b132. b172. a
13. c53. b93. d 133. d173. b
14. a54. b94. b134. b174. c
15. a55. b95. b135. b175. a
16. b 56. b96. a 136. e176. b 
17. d57. c97. a137. b177. a
18. b58. c98. c138. d178. c
19. b 59. c99. b139. b179. c
20. a60. d100. c140. b180. c
21. c61. d101. b 141. a181. d
22. b62. a 102. b142. d182. d
23. c63. c103. a 143. c183. d
24. c64. b104. b144. c184. b
25. d65. d105. a145. d185. b
26. c66. c106. a146. b186. b
27. b67. c107. c147. c187. d
28. b68. b 108. c148. b188. b
29. b69. a109. a149. a189. a
30. b70. b110. b150. a190. a
31. a71. c111. a151. a191. c
32. b72. c112. c152. c192. d
33. c73. b113. d153. c193. b
34. d74. b114. a154. b194. b
35. b 75. a115. b155. c195. c
36. c 76. b116. b156. d196. b
37. a77. a117. c157. b197. a
38. b78. c118. c158. c198. c
39. b79. c119. d159. c199. c
40. c80. b120. c160. d200. c
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Dr .Lalit Choudhary
Hii everyone, I'm Dr Lalit Choudhary PT. Born and brought up in delhi. Practicing as a professional PHYSIOTHERAPIST. As a therapist I love to interact with others and and get myself updated regarding all the social issues which are leading my countrymen to distress themselves. Yes, I agree that Iam a workaholic but my work gives me immense pleasure but there are sometimes when I feel stressed up so to relax myself I travel to new places, meet new people and try to adopt their culture. Most of the time I like to travel hills as it helps me to relax and enjoy our nature beauty. For being a good therapist and to deal with all the difficulties I always prefer to be good listener and have good patience that is what my strength is. I also work as a social worker and the Founder of thesocialphysiofitnessclub and PHYSIO FIT INDIA. In last I just want to say that " I believe that physical therapy is not just a therapy but actually a remedy which not only make you physically fit but also adds happiness, joy and more days to your life." So don't just sit and thought now it's time to stand and work on yourself.

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